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Guiding Principles

Guiding Principles for Standards-Based Grading 

The guiding principles on implementing standards-based grading comes from "Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning," by Thomas R. Guskey and Jane M. Bailey 1. Some of the guiding principles include:

Guiding Premises in Developing Grading and Reporting Systems
  1. The primary goal of grading and reporting is communication.
  2. Grading and reporting are integral parts of the instructional process.
  3. Good reporting is based on good evidence.
  4. Changes in grading and reporting are best accomplished through the development of a comprehensive reporting system.
Developments That Make Change in Grading and Reporting Systems Imperative
  1. The growing emphasis on standards and performance assessments makes current reporting practices inadequate.
  2. Parents and community members are demanding more and better information about student learnding progress.
  3. Advances in technology allow for more efficient reporting of detailed information on student learning.
  4. Grading and reporting are recognized as one of educators' most important responsibilities.
  5. There is growing awareness of the gap between our knowledge base and common practice in grading and reporting.
Major Purposes of Grading and Reporting
  1. To communicate the achievement status of students to parents and others
  2. To provide information that students can use for self-evaluation
  3. To select, identify, or group students for certain educational paths or programs
  4. To provide incentives for students to learn
  5. To evaluate the effectiveness of instructional programs
  6. To provide evidence of students' lack of effort or inappropriate responsibility

1 Guskey, Thomas R. and Bailey, Jane M., Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2000.

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