Guiding Principles for Standards-Based Grading
The guiding principles on implementing standards-based grading comes from "Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning," by Thomas R. Guskey and Jane M. Bailey 1. Some of the guiding principles include:
|Guiding Premises in Developing Grading and Reporting Systems
- The primary goal of grading and reporting is communication.
- Grading and reporting are integral parts of the instructional process.
- Good reporting is based on good evidence.
- Changes in grading and reporting are best accomplished through the development of a comprehensive reporting system.
|Developments That Make Change in Grading and Reporting Systems Imperative
- The growing emphasis on standards and performance assessments makes current reporting practices inadequate.
- Parents and community members are demanding more and better information about student learnding progress.
- Advances in technology allow for more efficient reporting of detailed information on student learning.
- Grading and reporting are recognized as one of educators' most important responsibilities.
- There is growing awareness of the gap between our knowledge base and common practice in grading and reporting.
|Major Purposes of Grading and Reporting
- To communicate the achievement status of students to parents and others
- To provide information that students can use for self-evaluation
- To select, identify, or group students for certain educational paths or programs
- To provide incentives for students to learn
- To evaluate the effectiveness of instructional programs
- To provide evidence of students' lack of effort or inappropriate responsibility
1 Guskey, Thomas R. and Bailey, Jane M., Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2000.